Federico Barocci, The Madonna and Child with Saint Joseph and the Infant Baptist, Annunciation

Federico Barocci (1535–1612): Mannerism (c. 1520s - 1600)

As we delve into the world of art history, one cannot overlook the captivating era of Mannerism, a period that bridged the Renaissance and Baroque styles. In this blog article, we will explore the life, art, and legacy of Federico Barocci, a prominent Mannerist painter whose works continue to mesmerize art enthusiasts worldwide.

Early Life and Family Background

Federico Fiori, better known as Federico Barocci, was born in Urbino, Italy, in 1535. His birthplace, a city renowned for its cultural heritage, played a significant role in shaping his artistic journey. Barocci was born into a family of modest means, but his talent and passion for art were evident from a young age. His father was a sculptor, which likely influenced his early exposure to the world of creativity.

Education and Training

Barocci's artistic training began in Urbino, where he initially studied painting under the guidance of his uncle, Bartolomeo Genga. Recognizing his exceptional talent, Genga arranged for Barocci to receive further training in Rome. During his time in Rome, Barocci was exposed to the works of Raphael, Michelangelo, and other great artists, which profoundly influenced his style.

The Artistic Style of Barocci

Barocci's style is a fascinating blend of Mannerism and the early Baroque. His works often display a delicate and refined approach, characterized by harmonious compositions, vibrant colors, and a sense of emotional depth. This fusion of elements from both Mannerism and the emerging Baroque style makes Barocci's art truly unique.

20 Notable Artworks

1. The Madonna and Child with Saint Joseph and the Infant Baptist (c. 1574-1577)

This exquisite painting depicts the Madonna holding the Christ Child while the young St. John the Baptist offers a cross. The composition showcases Barocci's skill in capturing the tenderness and serenity of the scene.

2. The Annunciation (1592-1594)

In this masterpiece, Federico Barocci depicts the angel Gabriel announcing to the Virgin Mary that she will give birth to Jesus. The use of light and shadow creates a sense of ethereal beauty, emphasizing the spiritual nature of the event.

3. Aeneas' Flight from Troy (1598)

Barocci's mythological depiction of Aeneas' escape from Troy is a testament to his narrative prowess. The painting captures the drama and urgency of the moment as Aeneas flees the burning city.

4. The Nativity (1597)

With a unique perspective, Barocci presents the Nativity scene in a stable illuminated by divine light. The emotional connection between Mary, Joseph, and the newborn Christ radiates from the canvas.

5. St. John the Baptist in the Wilderness (c. 1595)

This painting portrays St. John the Baptist in a contemplative moment, set against a backdrop of rocky wilderness. The detailed rendering of textures and the introspective mood showcase Barocci's mastery.

6. The Last Supper (1594-1597)

Barocci's interpretation of The Last Supper is marked by individualized facial expressions and gestures. The emotional range among the disciples adds depth to this iconic biblical scene.

7. The Entombment of Christ (c. 1602)

In this poignant artwork, Barocci depicts the sorrowful moment of Christ's entombment. The figures' gestures and expressions convey grief and reverence, inviting viewers to reflect on the significance of the event.

8. Rest on the Flight into Egypt (1597)

This rendition of the Holy Family's flight into Egypt emanates tranquility and unity. The landscape in the background complements the peaceful aura that envelops the scene.

9. St. Francis in Ecstasy (c. 1595)

Barocci captures the mystical experience of St. Francis in this painting. Bathed in divine light, St. Francis is shown in a state of ecstatic contemplation, surrounded by the beauty of nature.

10. Nativity (c. 1597-1599)

Another captivating Nativity scene by Barocci, this painting emphasizes the adoration of the shepherds and the angels. The soft lighting and meticulous detailing enhance the spiritual ambiance.

11. An Allegory of Venus and Cupid (c. 1595)

This allegorical painting presents Venus and Cupid surrounded by symbols of love and desire. Barocci's skillful depiction of textures and emotions makes the figures come to life.

12. St. Catherine of Alexandria (c. 1607)

Barocci's representation of St. Catherine radiates elegance and grace. The detailed drapery and serene expression capture the saint's purity and devotion.

13. The Deposition (1592)

In this emotionally charged depiction of the Deposition of Christ, Barocci conveys the grief and sorrow of the figures involved. The composition's balance and movement guide the viewer's gaze.

14. The Finding of the Holy Cross (c. 1603)

Barocci's portrayal of the discovery of the Holy Cross combines historical narrative with spiritual significance. The interplay of light and shadow adds depth to the composition.

15. St. Sebastian (c. 1598-1599)

In this intense representation of St. Sebastian, Barocci captures the martyr's physical suffering and spiritual strength. The contrast between the saint's vulnerability and his unwavering faith is palpable.

16. The Baptism of Christ (c. 1590)

Barocci's depiction of the Baptism of Christ is characterized by a serene atmosphere and harmonious composition. The figures' gestures and expressions convey the sacredness of the moment.

17. The Martyrdom of St. Vitalis (c. 1604)

Barocci's portrayal of the martyrdom of St. Vitalis exudes drama and emotion. The dynamic composition and attention to detail enhance the intensity of the scene.

18. St. Thomas Receiving the Girdle from the Virgin (1593)

This painting captures the mystical event of St. Thomas receiving the Virgin Mary's girdle. The figures' interactions and the gentle colors contribute to the spiritual aura of the artwork.

19. The Visitation (c. 1603-1608)

Barocci's rendition of the Visitation showcases the meeting between Mary and her cousin Elizabeth. The expressive faces and delicate drapery reflect the joy and significance of the encounter.

20. The Agony in the Garden (1592)

In this emotionally charged scene, Barocci depicts Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane. The play of light and shadow heightens the anguish of the moment.


Federico Barocci's art stands as a testament to his mastery of the Mannerist style and his contribution to the transition into the Baroque era. His works, characterized by delicate compositions, vibrant colors, and emotional depth, continue to captivate art enthusiasts and scholars alike. Through his remarkable paintings, Barocci immortalized moments of religious devotion, mythological narratives, and human emotions, leaving an indelible mark on the world of art history.


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